Carelyn (Carrie) Campbell
Materials Science & Engineering Division, Material Measurement Laboratory
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg Maryland (MD)
Carelyn Campbell is group leader for the Thermodynamics and Kinetics group in the Materials Science and Engineering Division in the Material Measurement Laboratory at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Her research is focused on diffusion in multicomponent multiphase systems and the development of data and informatics tools for phase-based data. For the past twelve years, she has sponsored the NIST Diffusion Workshop series, which brings together experimentalists and theorists to improve the development of diffusion mobility databases and the prediction of diffusion controlled microstructure evolution in multicomponent multiphase systems. She received both her BS and Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from Northwestern University. She began her tenure at NIST in 1997, as a National Research Council Postdoctoral Fellow. In 2010, she received a Bronze Medal from the Department of Commerce for superior federal service in leading the NIST Diffusion Workshop series.
THE MATERIALS GENOME INITIATIVE AND THE “DATA REVOLUTION”
C. E. Campbell1*, U. R. Kattner1 and A. Dima2, S. Youssef2, G. Sousa-Amaral2, M. Brady2
1Materials Science & Engineering Division, Material Measurement Laboratory,
National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Dr., Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8555
2Software and Systems Division, Information Technology Laboratory,
National Institute of Standards and Technology, 100 Bureau Dr., Gaithersburg, MD 20899-8970
As announced in 2011, the goal of the Materials Genome Initiative is to reduce the time and cost of material development and deployment by fifty percent. To reach this goal a materials data infrastructure is evolving that includes the integration of a variety of workflow and data curation tools, repositories and registries. Central to this data infrastructure and the materials design process are phase-based property data (e.g. melting temperatures, diffusivities, molar volume, thermal expansion) . These data sets are diverse in type, semi-structured, and often missing essential metadata and present significant challenges to curate, share and transform. NIST is investing in a variety of tools to address these challenges, including developing a materials-based digital repository and a web-based curation tool, the Materials Data Curator (MDC). The NIST digital materials repository  (is a customized version of the DSpace software, an open-source digital repository software that enables users to curate and share a wide variety of digital content including text, images, and video. The web-based MDC allows users to store data in a non-relational database, use semantic-based technologies and integrate with a variety of workflow tools. The curation of a set of experimental diffusion data and a set of simulation data using the MDC will be demonstrated. Successful implementation of these and other data curation tools and repositories will enable more efficient materials design methods and new opportunities to integrate data science tools with materials science.
 C.E. Campbell, U. R. Kattner, Z-K. Liu, Integrating Materials and Manufacturing Innovation 3:23 (2014) doi:10.1186/2193-9772-3-12.